Replacement JX10/MKS70 Power Supply

This is a DIY project that can be used to rescue a terminal SuperJX when the transformer has burned out. It has been installed and long term tested on a JX10 and a bare PCB is available. It also has many other potential applications in other synths or modulars.

Why Did This Come About?

This design was inspired and sponsored by Peter Connelly. The JX10 plays an important part in Peter’s professional work, take a look at his website.

Many thanks to Peter for providing the persuasion, encouragement, faith, trust, funds and requirements into this design. His SuperJX was in trouble and needed some very special help!

Fitting inside the MKS70 has been pioneered by Keith Meiere & Juha Forsten, see the build & fitting recommendations for details of their work.

What Does it Do?

The board provides a full replacement of the mains filter, transformer and power supply for the JX10 and MKS70, that has ultra low ripple, no dry joint degradation, no limited life capacitors, runs cool and automatically uses any mains voltage from 110VAC to 240VAC. The design is focused around power converters with added power filters to remove switching noise, essential for keeping disturbances away from the audio path.

It is rated at roughly 1.5x the average power consumption needs of an upgraded JX10 so runs without stress and supports upgrades without generating excess heat.

P1080705

Specifications

  • 195 x 110mm to fit inside MKS70 or JX10
  • Single Board solution replaces Transformer and Power Supply Board
  • 110-240V 50/60Hz AC operation
  • PCB safety clearance: >3mm line-line, >6.4mm line-chassis/signal
  • T2A 250V ceramic fuse
  • Mains filter
  • +5V 1.5A
  • +/-15V 0.6A
  • +9V 0.55A for VFD display upgrade & PG800
  • Short circuit protection
  • Power rail indication

Multiple mounting options are provided to replace the power assemblies inside the two different instruments. The MKS70 has the transformer on the left, the JX10 on the right.

Differences

It differs in functionality from the Roland design:

  • No tracking regulation
  • +5v logic power is not proportional to the +15V power rail
  • Requires the instrument to be earthed

See the design description for further details on why these are not deemed an issue.

Connector System

Original specification connectors (Molex SPOX 5267 Series) can be sourced from Digikey and Mouser, some of which are slightly different.

MolexSPOX5267-4Way

Many thanks to Murray at Kiwi Technics for pointing out the availability of these parts and to Keith at JX Zone for performing trials and pioneering fitment in 3 different instruments.

Perfect_Fit-1-20180728-063759104

If proving difficult to source, instructions are shown for removing the old 2.50mm pitch connectors from the original Roland power supply board.

The PCB has holes large enough to accommodate the slight differences in pitch, therefore a 0.1″ Molex system will fit. Pins and wires can be refitted with suitable housings and terminals.

Roland Power Supply Design

The power supply in the Roland SuperJX is a really great design and when working well, delivers a lot of very stable power to the instrument circuitry. The linear design means that it has a low output impedance maintaining tightly regulated supplies to the analogue circuitry. The only disadvantage is that it generates a large volume of hot air inside the instrument.

If the transformer is working, then technically there is no need to replace the old power supply. If rebuilding or repairing the Power Supply Board to original Roland specification, this full guide on the maintenance page explains how. The advantage of repair or rebuild is that it is exactly to the original Roland design, one disadvantage is that semiconductors are only available as “new old stock” (circa 1986) and could fail.

PowerSupply&Transformer.JPG

Losing a 12 voice analogue instrument like the SuperJX is considered a tragedy and as the transformer is unobtainable, this project is a fantastic solution when it fails.

JX10 Development

The project was developed and tested using a Japanese specification JX10 that was converted to UK specification. It is a fully upgraded instrument with enhanced VFD and Vecoven PWM.

The power supply has not been fitted to an MKS70 by the author, but electrically the project meets the requirements.

JX10 fitment with rewiring is shown in picture below:

JX10-Placement

Building a Power Supply

Experience of electronic construction and mains appliance wiring are essential. Full design calculations, schematic, parts lists and build/fitting recommendations are published so hobbyists can fully understand the design choices made and make their own judgement on its suitability for use in their instrument.

For those interested in electronics, it is a great example of COTS power converter application and basic electronic design.

Design Data

The design is described fully in a package of documentation.

 

 

Various data items can be found at the links below: Design Description, Schematic, Calculations & Test Results, Build & Fitting Recommendations, Bill of Materials.

For more detailed information that is summarised in the design description, Simulations & Scope Traces of tests performed can be obtained here.

The detailed information published means that hobbyists can make judgements that the design is fit for purpose and that if they follow the build instructions carefully, then it will result in a secure and safe installation.

Obtaining Components

Caution is recommended if buying any readymade copies of this design as they may not use safe traceable components or have flawed design differences that affect electrical safety.

Be wary of counterfeit parts if not using traceable sources such as Digikey, Mouser, Farnell or RS Components. Low cost sources (such as eBay) for the capacitors and parts that connect to the mains are to be avoided. Damage to the instrument or electric shock can occur if care is not taken.

Disclaimer

Users undertaking this DIY project need to have experience in electronics, mains appliance wiring and testing.

No liability can be undertaken by the author for the design, installation or damage to the instrument.

In the interests of electrical safety, installers and users are advised to take necessary steps such as Portable Appliance Testing (PAT) and adding a protective earth to the instrument.

Feedback Wanted

It would be awesome to receive constructive comments on this topic/page, if you have any, please email Guy at:

email

 

 

Copyright © 2018 Super Synth Projects, Guy Wilkinson

 

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